Apropos of my current focus on art as a spandrel (to be continued the next post), the recent 9/14/19 issue of Science News has a brief report on a new find of ancient art in China. Two bones have been found with distinctively decorative cuts (not the kind found from butchering the meat), a series of straight lines that in one case were rubbed with ochre (see my post on red ochre from 10/13/18) to highlight the work. These bones have been reliably dated back to 100,000 years ago, and the cuts may have been made by Denisovans who migrated from central Russia to southeastern Asia and the Himalayan region. The article also includes a summary of other finds suggestive of artwork, the oldest being a shell carved by probably Homo erectus almost a half million years ago in Indonesia. So our aesthetic sensibility has been evolving (or is it developing?) for longer than Homo sapiens has been extant.
Straight lines rubbed with ochre is not very artistic, I hear some say. Well, sure, but we are talking the dawn of humanity here. And sometimes less is more—simplicity is a virtue of much high art. Consider the famous Japanese rock garden at a Zen temple in Kyoto where simplicity conveys an abstract truth about our experience:
Now consider two Japanese terms for aesthetic experiences, aware and yugen. Aware (a-wahr-ay) refers to the feeling of the fleeting fragility of life and experience. Susan Langer said that we became human when we realized that a life was one single act with a beginning and an end. That realization underlies, I think, the aesthetic feeling of aware. Yugen refers to a deep inexpressible feeling felt upon some aesthetic realization of mystery—our being becomes luminous with some complex felt experience. Plumbing such depths does not come instantaneously; this ability comes over time as one engages steadily with beauty. We will never know what was going on in the mind of the creature cutting those lines and smearing ochre, but I think a reasonable suggestion is that their ruminations over their artwork were incipient to the new feelings of aware and yugen—these meditations, silent or expressed, around the hearth fire with the shadows dancing around the gathering were indeed quite important to developing humanity. Travel on from here only if you must.